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The Orphic Hymns
Translated and interpreted by Virginia Stewart-Avalon, M.Ed.

First translated by Thomas Taylor in 1792, the Hymns of Orpheus here have been retranslated in a style unrestrained by the eighteenth century's insistence on rhyme. Hesiod and Homer, and a myriad of anonymous sacred poets of antiquity are echoed in these Hymns, and so it seems only fitting that today, modern Pagans rediscover these songs of their ancestors.

Some of the deities named in this work came from Africa, Gaul, Libya, Anatolia Turkey, Phrygia, Greece, Eutruscia, Britain, Crete, Cythia, the ancient Hesperides, and the Canary Islands. Both the Greeks and the Romans borrowed extensively from other cultures; frequently subordinating foreign gods and making them subject their own pantheon or forcing the ultimate supremacy of Zeus above all others*. Still, the roots of these hymns are easy find and restore.~ by Virginia Stewart-Avalon Sibylline Priestess and Elder

HYMNS

Adonis
Pre-Hellenic Cyprus, originally African

Amphietus Dionysus
God in the World of Form

Aphrodite
Originally from Africa

Apollo
Hellenic Greece, originally African

Ares
Pre-Hellenic War God of the Amazons

Aridia
Heaven:Ari-Air, Dia-Goddess

Artemis
Pre-Hellenic, Arcadian and African

Athena
Hellenic, originally African

Aurora the Dawn

The Ceralian Mother
Demeter

The Clouds
Pythagorean

Corybas
Originally Tiamat or Eriskigal-Sumerian

Cronus
Time, Greek Titan, but Pythagorean in this Hymn

Cupid Son of Aphrodite

The Curetes pre-Hellenic, the Guards of Persephone

The Curetes Guards of Persephone

Death

Demeter
Pre-Hellenic, originally Innanna, Sumerian

Dionysus
Pre-Hellenic Greece, originally from Phrygia

Dionysus Bassareus Triennalis
His rites were performed every third year

Dionysus Pericionius
Little Pillar

Equity
An aspect of Themis

Escapius
Hellenic God of Health, Mortal son/priest of Apollo elevated immortality.

The Fates

Fortune

The Furies
Pre-Hellenic preservers of Matriarchal Law

The Furies (2)

Gaia
Pre-Hellenic Greece

The Graces

Hades
Pre-Hellenic Greece & Arcadia

Health equated with Nature/Rhea

Hephestus
[Pre-Hellenic Volcano God]

Hera
The original Greek Mother, a triple goddess, Hebe-Hera-Hestia.

Hermes
Originally African. Related Elegba and Thoth

Hestia

Ippa Hera

Justice/Themis
Originally from Egypt

Law
By attributes, an aspect of Protogonus or Hermes

Leto
Originally African

Liknitus Dionysus
Fan Bearer

Loucothea

Lysius Lenaeus Dionysus

Melinoe

Mises
Dionysus, Iacchus male/female

Mnemosyne
God of Memory

The Moon
Selene

Morpheus
God of Sleep pre-Hellenic, possibly Egyptian

Mother of the Gods
Hestia, pre-Hellenic Greece, Crone Aspect of Hebe-Hera-Hestia

The Muses

Nature
Pythagorean deity

Nemesis
Egyptian Maat

Nereids
Pre-Hellenic Greece

Nereus
Pre-Hellenic Goddess

The Night
Daughter of Eris or Void

The North Wind

The Nymphs

The Ocean

Ouarn God of Dreams

Primal Fire (Fumigation from Saffron)

Prothyraea
Artemis of Ephesus

Protogunus
The First Born,a Pythagorean/Egyptian deity.

The Stars
Possibly Ashtarte

The Sun
Helios, Amon-Ra

Palaemon

Pan
Meaning *All*, ancient Mediterranean deity, probably originated in Arcadia

Persephone
Pre-Hellenic Greece, Maiden aspect of the Earth Trinity Persephone-Demeter-Hecate, Goddess of Spring and new life

Proteus
Pre-Hellenic Mediterranean

Rhea
Cybele, Niobe

The Seasons

Semele
Pre-Hellenic Mother Goddess, associated with the Moon

Soilenus, Satyrus, & the Priestesses of Dionysus the Divine Goat who nursed the God, His Teacher, and the Maenads

The Source of Genius
Male aspect of Rhea

The South Wind

The Terrestrial Hermes

Tethys
Pre-Hellenic Mediterranean, possibly Crete

The Titans
Pre-Hellenic Greece

Themis

Trieterieus Dionysus

Triton
One of Three Ancient Mediterranean Sea Gods.

Victory
Aspect of Athena

West Wind

*The hymns to Hercules, Jupiter, Thundering Zeus, Zeus Sabasius, and Zeus have been omitted as is the translator's prerogative.



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